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The following is a list of Super Bowl halftime shows, held in the United States at the midpoint of the NFL's Super Bowl. Halftime shows are a tradition during football games at all levels of competition.

The Super Bowl halftime show represents a fundamental link to pop culture, which helps broaden the television audience and nationwide interest. In most years since the mid-1980s, the halftime show of the Super Bowl has featured popular recording artists and other well-known celebrities. It has measurable increased television viewers during and after the halftime show.[1] The performance is regarded one of the most-watched events in American television annually with over 100 million viewers in the United States alone. Musical genres over the years have represented a broad range of music types, including pop, rock, classic rock, country, hip hop, rap, blues, and soul. In some years, short skits or drama scenes are acted out on a stage.

In 2012, the halftime show of Super Bowl XLVI headlined by Madonna was the most-watched halftime show in history, with 114 million viewers, about 3 million more than the actual game.[2]

Beyoncé is scheduled to headline the 2013 halftime show of Super Bowl XLVII.[3]

BackgroundEdit

During most of the Super Bowl's first decade, the halftime show featured a college marching band. The show's second decade featured a more varied show, with Up with People producing and starring in four of the performances. The middle of the third decade saw the introduction of popular music acts such as New Kids on the Block, Gloria Estefan, Michael Jackson, Prince, Clint Black, Patti LaBelle, and Tony Bennett. Starting with Super Bowl XXXII, commercial sponsors presented the half-time show; within five years, the tradition of having a theme—begun with Super Bowl III—ended, replaced by major music productions by arena rock bands and other high-profile acts. In the six years immediately following the 2004 halftime show controversy, all of the halftime shows consisted of a performance by one artist or group, with the musicians in that era primarily being rock artists from the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. The show changed directions beginning with Super Bowl XLV by shifting to contemporary R&B, pop and hip hop artists, also allowing for the return of collaborations.

The NFL does not pay the halftime show performers an appearance fee, though it covers all expenses for the performers and their entourage of stagehands, family, and friends.[4] According to Nielsen SoundScan data, the halftime performers regularly experience significant spikes in weekly album sales and paid digital downloads[5] due to the exposure.

HistoryEdit

The following is a list of the performers, producers, themes, and sponsors for each Super Bowl game's show.

1960sEdit

Super Bowl Show details
I
II
III

1970sEdit

Super Bowl Show details
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII

1980sEdit

Super Bowl Show details
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
XVIII
XIX
XX
XXI
XXII
XXIII

1990sEdit

Super Bowl Show details
XXIV
XXV
XXVI
XXVII
XXVIII
XXIX
XXX
XXXI
XXXII
XXXIII

2000sEdit

Super Bowl Show details
XXXIV
XXXV
XXXVI
XXXVII
XXXVIII
XXXIX
XL
XLI
XLII
XLIII

2010sEdit

Super Bowl Show details
XLIV
XLV
XLVI
XLVII

Details on specific showsEdit

Super Bowl XLEdit

For The Rolling Stones, the stage was in the form of the group's iconic tongue logo (first used in 1971 on their Sticky Fingers album). It was the largest stage ever assembled for a Super Bowl Halftime Show, with 28 separate pieces assembled in five minutes by a 600-member volunteer stage crew. The group performed three songs: "Start Me Up", "Rough Justice", and "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction". The show was viewed by 89.9 million people, more than the audiences for the Oscars, Grammys and Emmy Awards combined.[47] In the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy with Janet Jackson and Justin Timberlake, ABC and the NFL imposed a five-second delay and censored lyrics considered too sexually explicit in the first two songs by briefly turning off Mick Jagger's microphone—censoring to which the group had previously agreed.[48] However, the choice of The Rolling Stones sparked controversy in the Detroit community because the band did not represent the traditional Detroit "Motown Sound", and no artists from the area were included.[49]

Other championship performances Edit

Shania Twain is the first artist to have performed at both the Super Bowl and the CFL championship, the Grey Cup, having done so in 2002.[50] The Black Eyed Peas joined Twain in 2011, having performed at the Grey Cup in 2005.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Campbell (1995), pp. 14–16
  2. "Super Bowl Ratings Record: Giants-Patriots Game Is Highest-Rated TV Show In US History", Huffington Post, 2012-02-06. 
  3. "Beyonce set for Super Bowl halftime show", October 16, 2012. 
  4. Belson, Ken. "The Who, and the Super Bowl’s Evolving Halftime Show", The New York Times, 2010-02-02. Retrieved on 2010-02-07. 
  5. The Arizona Republic (2009-01-26). The Nielsen Company’s Guide To Super Bowl XLIII. tvbythenumbers.com. Retrieved on 2009-01-27.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.32 6.33 6.34 6.35 6.36 6.37 6.38 6.39 6.40 6.41 6.42 6.43 6.44 Super Bowl History - Entertainment. NFL.com (2011). Retrieved on 12-12-2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 Krasnow, Lonny. "Top 10 Super Bowl Halftime Shows", Photos, SI.com. Retrieved on 12-12-2011. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "GSU Tiger Marching Band", History of Tiger Marching Band, Grambling State University. Retrieved on 12-12-2011. 
  9. "Golden Eagles Marching Band", Southeast Missouri State University. Retrieved on 12-12-2011. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "History of Up with People", UpWithPeople.org. Retrieved on 12-12-2011. 
  11. Template:YouTube
  12. Template:YouTube
  13. Template:YouTube
  14. Template:YouTube
  15. Template:YouTube
  16. Template:Cite episode
  17. Template:Cite episode
  18. "Super Bowl 23 Half Time Show Introduction - 1/22/89". Retrieved on 12-12-2011. 
  19. Template:Cite episode
  20. "Super Bowl XXIV telecast". 
  21. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zGpJjqB4nnY
  22. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjChnNS4JZI; part-1
  23. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PG5H0es6mY0; part-2
  24. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qnvSebbIVAM
  25. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCma5VvMCXg
  26. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0LTe3zEXiU
  27. http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/17-notable-super-bowl-halftime-shows.htm
  28. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xVBVJNex8co
  29. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjpQVx7wOkk
  30. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oYYpTh8K48E
  31. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5f1sHk1Kttw
  32. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h9BjzgOJcbI; Shania Twain
  33. Template:Cite video
  34. Template:Cite video
  35. http://vodpod.com/watch/667756-super-bowl-xxxviii-halftime-show-full
  36. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YFBMZhtXuRw
  37. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SD0VbMGSDaE
  38. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEDmZPx-Mg
  39. Stengle, Jamie (2011-02-04). Halftime gig 'dream come true' for Black Eyed Peas. Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Aquí está el setlist de la Super Bowl de Madonna
  41. Madonna to perform at halftime of Super Bowl. Associated Press. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  42. Nicki Minaj To Perform During Super Bowl With M.I.A & Madonna. Yahoo! News. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
  43. [1]. Billboard.com
  44. [2]. Five Ten.
  45. Madonna to perform at halftime of Super Bowl. Associated Press. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  46. Fekadu, Mesfin (October 16, 2012). AP source: Beyonce set for Super Bowl halftime. Associated Press. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
  47. Unknown. "The Rolling Stones Super Bowl XL halftime show"; Feb. 6, 2006, Don Mischer Productions; URL accessed May 24, 2008.
  48. Unknown. "Rolling Stones agreed to censor Super Bowl show: NFL"; Feb. 6, 2006, Agence France-Presse; URL accessed July 3, 2006.
  49. McGraw, Bill. "JOURNAL: No R-E-S-P-E-C-T for Motown halftime"; Dec. 1, 2005, Detroit Free Press; URL accessed July 3, 2006.
  50. List of Grey Cup Halftime Performances

External linksEdit

Template:SuperBowlpt:Anexo:Lista de atrações do Halftime Show

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