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Soldier Field
Stadium in a Park
File:Soldfldlogo.gif

Location 16th Street, Lakeshore Drive
Chicago, Illinois 60605
Broke ground 1922
Opened October 9, 1924
Reopened September 29, 2003
Renovated 2002-2003
Closed January 19, 2002 - September 26, 2003 (renovations)
Owner Chicago Park District, City of Chicago
Operator SMG-Soldier Field Joint Venture
Surface Grass (1924-1970), AstroTurf (1971-1987), Grass (1988-present)
Construction cost $10 million
$600 million (Renovation)
Architect Holabird & Roche
Former names Municipal Grant Park Stadium (1924-1925)
Tenants *Chicago Bears (NFL) (1971-2001) (2003-present)
*Chicago Fire (MLS) (1998-2001) (2003-2005) *Chicago Enforcers (XFL) (2001)
*Chicago Blitz (USFL) (1983-1984)
*Chicago Sting (NASL) (1975-1976)
*Chicago Winds (WFL) (1975)
*Chicago Fire (WFL) (1974)
*Chicago Cardinals (NFL) (1959)
*Chicago Rockets/Hornets (AAFC) (1946-1949)
*Chicago Spurs (NPSL) (1967)
*1968 International Special Olympics Games
Capacity 61,500

Soldier Field is an American football and soccer stadium located in the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois, near Downtown Chicago. It opened in 1924 and is the home field of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), who moved there in 1971, and Chicago Fire FC of Major League Soccer (MLS).[1][2] It has a football capacity of 61,500, and it is the oldest stadium in the NFL.

The stadium's interior was rebuilt as part of a major renovation project in 2002, which modernized the facility but lowered seating capacity, while also causing it to be delisted as a National Historic Landmark. Soldier Field has served as the home venue for a number of other sports teams in its history, including the Chicago Cardinals of the NFL, University of Notre Dame football, as well as games from the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, and multiple CONCACAF Gold Cup championships. In 1968, it hosted the first Games of the Special Olympics. Other historic events have included large rallies with speeches, including by Amelia Earhart, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Martin Luther King Jr.

History

File:Child,Mother,Father,MilitaryFamily.jpg

Sculpture of a sailor and his family, gazing eastward over Lake Michigan

Soldier Field was designed in 1919 and opened on October 9, 1924, as Municipal Grant Park Stadium. The name was changed to Soldier Field on November 11, 1925, as a memorial to U.S. soldiers who had died in combat. Its formal dedication as Soldier Field was held during the 29th annual playing of the Army–Navy Game[3] on November 27, 1926.[4] Several months earlier, in June, the stadium hosted several events during the 28th International Eucharistic Congress. Its design is in the Neoclassical style, with Doric columns rising above the East and West entrances.[5] The stadium cost $13 million to construct ($182 million in 2015 dollars), a very large sum for a sporting venue at that time (in comparison, L.A. Memorial Coliseum had cost less than $1 million in 1923 dollars).

Early configuration

In its earliest configuration, Soldier Field was capable of seating 74,280 spectators and was in the shape of a U. Additional seating could be added along the interior field, upper promenades and on the large, open field and terrace beyond the north endzone,[6] bringing the seating capacity to over 100,000.[7]

Chicago Bears move in

File:8X10A 1961 Chicago Bears o-line practice 1.jpg

1961 Chicago Bears offensive line in action. "Bears Workout at Soldier Field for Armed Forces game Friday."

Soldier Field was used as a site for many sporting events and exhibitions. The Chicago Cardinals used it as their home field for their final season in Chicago in 1959. Almost two decades later in September 1971, the Chicago Bears moved in, originally with a three-year commitment.[1][2] They previously played at Wrigley Field, best known as the home of the Chicago Cubs baseball team, but were forced to move to a larger venue due to post-AFL–NFL merger policies requiring that stadium capacities seat over 50,000 spectators. They had intended to build a stadium in Arlington Heights. In 1978, the Bears and the Chicago Park District agreed to a 20-year lease and renovation of the stadium. Both parties pooled their resources for the renovation.[8] The playing surface was AstroTurf from 1971 through 1987, replaced with natural grass in 1988.[9]

Replacement talks

In 1989, Soldier Field's future was in jeopardy after a proposal was created for a "McDome", which was intended to be a domed stadium for the Bears, but was rejected by the Illinois Legislature in 1990. Because of this, Bears president Michael McCaskey considered relocation as a possible factor for a new stadium. The Bears had also purchased options in Hoffman Estates, Elk Grove Village, and Aurora. In 1995, McCaskey announced that he and Northwest Indiana developers agreed to construction of an entertainment complex called "Planet Park", which would also include a new stadium. However, the plan was rejected by the Lake County Council, and in 1998, Chicago mayor Richard M. Daley proposed that the Bears share Comiskey Park with the Chicago White Sox.[10]

Renovations

File:Soldier Field Chicago aerial view.jpg

Soldier Field in 1988

File:Soldierfield2002.jpg

Aerial view of Soldier Field during renovation in April 2002

File:Soldier-Field-01.jpg

Soldier Field as seen from Lake Shore Drive in 2013. The modern grandstands, added in 2003, extend well above the original Neoclassical columns.

Beginning in 1978, the plank seating was replaced by individual seats with backs and armrests. In 1982, a new press box as well as 60 skyboxes were added to the stadium, boosting capacity to 66,030. In 1988, 56 more skyboxes were added increasing capacity to 66,946. Capacity was slightly increased to 66,950 in 1992. By 1994, capacity was slightly reduced to 66,944. During the renovation, seating capacity was reduced to 55,701 by building a grandstand in the open end of the U shape. This moved the field closer to both ends at the expense of seating capacity. The goal of this renovation was to move the fans closer to the field.[3] The front row 50-yard line seats were then now only 55 feet (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m) away from the sidelines, the shortest distance of all NFL stadiums, until MetLife Stadium opened in 2010, with a distance of 46 feet (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. m).

Landmark delisting

In 2001, the Chicago Park District, which owns the structure, faced substantial criticism when it announced plans to alter the stadium with a design by Benjamin T. Wood and Carlos Zapata of the Boston-based architecture firm Wood + Zapata. Stadium grounds were reconfigured by Chicago-based architecture firm of Lohan Associate, led by architect Dirk Lohan, the grandson of architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The stadium's interior would be demolished and reconstructed while the exterior would be preserved. This is an example of facadism. A similar endeavor of constructing a new stadium within the confines of an historic stadium's exterior was completed in Leipzig, Germany's Red Bull Arena, which similarly built a modern stadium while preserving the exterior of the original Zentralstadion. Fans and radio hosts such as WSCR's Mike North criticized the small seating capacity of the new venue, and fans for years have criticized the Park District's lack of care to the field surface after the first seasonal freeze and a refusal to consider a new-generation artificial surface, leaving the team to play on dead grass.

On January 19, 2002, the night of the Bears' playoff loss to the Philadelphia Eagles, demolition was begun as tailgate fires still burned in the trash cans in the parking lots. Removal of 24,000 stadium seats in 36 hours by Archer Seating Clearinghouse, a speed record never exceeded since, was the first step in building the new Soldier Field. Nostalgic Bears fans, recalling the glory seasons, especially 1985, along with some retired players picked up their seats in the South Parking lot.

The foremen on the job were Grant Wedding, who himself installed the seats in 1979, and Mark Wretschko, who was an executive for the factory who made the new seats.

Dozens of articles by writers and columnists attacked the project as an aesthetic, political, and financial nightmare. The project received mixed reviews within the architecture community, including criticism by civic and preservation groups.[11] Prominent American architect and Chicagoan Stanley Tigerman called it "a fiasco".[12] The Chicago Tribune architecture critic Blair Kamin dubbed it the "Eyesore on the Lake Shore".[13][14][15] The renovation was described by some as "a spaceship landed on the stadium".[16][17] Lohan responded,

"I would never say that Soldier Field is an architectural landmark. Nobody has copied it; nobody has learned from it. People like it for nostalgic reasons. They remember the games and parades and tractor pulls and veterans' affairs they've seen there over the years. I wouldn't do this if it were the Parthenon. But this isn't the Parthenon."[12]

File:20210220 Soldier from NEMA.jpg

View from NEMA

Proponents argued the renovation was direly needed citing aging and cramped facilities. The New York Times ranked the renovated Soldier Field as one of the five best new buildings of 2003.[18] Soldier Field was given an award in design excellence by the American Institute of Architects in 2004.[19]

On September 23, 2004, as a result of the 2003 renovation, a 10-member federal advisory committee unanimously recommended that Soldier Field be delisted as a National Historic Landmark.[20][21] The recommendation to delist was prepared by Carol Ahlgren, architectural historian at the National Park Service's Midwest Regional Office in Omaha, Nebraska. Ahlgren was quoted in Preservation Online as stating that "if we had let this stand, I believe it would have lowered the standard of National Historic Landmarks throughout the country", and, "If we want to keep the integrity of the program, let alone the landmarks, we really had no other recourse." The stadium lost the Landmark designation on February 17, 2006.[22]

Subsequent developments

In May 2012, the stadium became the first NFL stadium to achieve LEED status.[23]

On July 9, 2019, the Chicago Fire announced an agreement with the Village of Bridgeview to release the Fire from its lease for SeatGeek Stadium. As a result, the Fire returned to Soldier Field for the 2020 MLS season.[24]

Public transportation

The closest Chicago 'L' station to Soldier Field is the Roosevelt station on the Orange, Green and Red lines. The Chicago Transit Authority also operates the #128 Soldier Field Express bus route to the stadium from Ogilvie Transportation Center and Union Station. There are also two Metra stations close by—the Museum Campus/11th Street station on the Metra Electric Line, which also is used by South Shore Line trains, and 18th Street, which is only served by the Metra Electric Line. Pace also provides access from the Northwest, West and Southwest suburbs to the stadium with four express routes from Schaumburg, Lombard, Bolingbrook, Burr Ridge, Palos Heights and Oak Lawn.

Events

Template:Very long section

  • Main article: List of events at Soldier Field

Football

Single events

File:The Army-Navy football game at Soldier's Field (cropped).jpg

The Army–Navy game in 1933 or 1934.

  • The stadium hosted its first football game, on October 4, 1924, between Louisville Male High School and Chicago's Austin Community Academy High School. Louisville's team won 26–0. (Chicago Tribune, October 2, 1924)
  • Over 100,000 spectators attended the 1926 Army–Navy Game. It would decide the national championship, as Navy entered undefeated and Army had lost only to Notre Dame. The game lived up to its hype, and even though it ended in a 21–21 tie, Navy was awarded the national championship.[25]
  • The all-time collegiate attendance record of 123,000+ was established November 26, 1927, as Notre Dame beat the USC Trojans 7–6. Subsequently, in 2016, 150,000+ attended a game between the Virginia Tech Hokies and Tennessee Volunteers at Bristol Speedway.[3]
  • Austin defeated Leo to win the 1937 Chicago Prep Bowl; another contender for the highest attendance ever (estimated at over 120,000 spectators). The Chicago Prep Bowl games are held at Soldier Field yearly on the day after Thanksgiving. The bowl game is older than the IHSA state championship tournament held since the 1960s.
  • The stadium was host to 41 College All-Star Games, an exhibition between the previous year's NFL champion (or, in its final years, Super Bowl champion) and a team of collegiate all-star players prior to their reporting to their new professional teams training camps. This game was discontinued after the 1976 NFL Season. The final game in 1976 was halted in the third quarter when a torrential thunderstorm broke out and play was never resumed.
  • In 2012, Notre Dame hosted a game at Soldier Field against the University of Miami as part of their Shamrock Series.
  • Four NFC Championship Games have been held at the stadium.
  • NFL teams winless at Soldier Field: Baltimore Ravens (0–3) and Cleveland Browns (0–3).

NFL playoffs

File:Soldier Field aerial.jpg

Aerial view of the stadium in 2008

File:Soldier Field Chicago.jpg

The outside of soldier field, stating: "Soldier Field, dedicated to the men and women of the armed services".

  • Other Bears playoff games at Soldier Field:

College football

NIU Huskies football plays select games at Soldier Field, all of which have featured the Huskies hosting a team from the Big Ten Conference. Northern Illinois University (NIU) is located in DeKalb, 65 miles (104 km) to the west on Interstate 88.

  • On September 1, 2007, NIU faced the Iowa Hawkeyes in the first Division I College Football game at Soldier Field since renovations. The Hawkeyes defeated the Huskies, 16–3.
  • On September 17, 2011, the Huskies returned to play the Wisconsin Badgers in a game that was called "Soldier Field Showdown II". The eventual Big Ten champion Badgers topped NIU, 49–7.
  • On September 1, 2012, NIU hosted the Iowa Hawkeyes in a season opener that was called "Soldier Field Showdown III". The Hawkeyes narrowly defeated the Huskies, 18–17.

Notre Dame Fighting Irish football used the stadium as home field for the 1929 season while Notre Dame Stadium was being constructed. The school has used Soldier Field for single games on occasion both prior to and since the 1929 season.

Hockey

On February 7, 2013 the stadium hosted a high school hockey game between St. Rita High School from the city's Southwest side and Fenwick High School from suburban Oak Park.[28]

File:2014 NHL Stadium Series, Soldier Field.JPG

The 2014 NHL Stadium Series featuring the Chicago Blackhawks and Pittsburgh Penguins

The Notre Dame Fighting Irish and Miami RedHawks played a doubleheader on February 17, 2013 with the Wisconsin Badgers and Minnesota Golden Gophers in the Hockey City Classic, the first outdoor hockey game in the history of the stadium.[29] A Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-squad game was held in affiliation with the Hockey City Classic.[30]

The Chicago Blackhawks played against the Pittsburgh Penguins on March 1, 2014 as part of the NHL's Stadium Series. The Blackhawks defeated the Penguins 5–1 before a sold-out crowd of 62,921.[31] The team also held its 2015 Stanley Cup Championship celebration at the stadium instead of Grant Park, where other city championships have typically been held, due to recent rains.[32]

February 7, 2015 Soldier Field hosted another edition of the Hockey City Classic. The event had been delayed due to unusually warm weather (Template:Convert/F-change) and complications with the quality of the ice. The 2015 edition of the Hockey City Classic featured a match between Miami University and Western Michigan, followed by a match between the Big Ten's Michigan and Michigan State[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40] February 5 the organizers of the Hockey City Classic organized the Unite on the Ice event benefiting St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The event was centered upon a celebrity hockey game with former NHL and AHL players, as well as a public free skate at Soldier Field. Participants in the celebrity game included Éric Dazé, Jamal Mayers and Gino Cavallini. Denis Savard was in attendance, serving as an 'honorary coach' during the game.[41] February 15, 2015 Soldier Field hosted another Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-league match in association with the Hockey City Classic at Soldier Field.[30]

Date Away Team Result Home Team Spectators
February 7, 2013 St. Rita High School 0–3 Fenwick High School unknown
February 17, 2013 Miami (OH) 1–2 Notre Dame 52,051
Minnesota 2–3 Wisconsin 52,051
March 1, 2014 Pittsburgh Penguins 1–5 Chicago Blackhawks 62,921
February 7, 2015 Miami (OH) 4–3 Western Michigan 22,751
Michigan State 1–4 Michigan 22,751

Soccer

1994 FIFA World Cup

File:The Refurbished Soldier Field.jpg

Soldier Field before a soccer game

Date Time (CDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
June 17, 1994 2:00PM Template:Country data GER 1–0 Template:Country data BOL Group C/Opening Match 63,117
June 21, 1994 3:00PM Template:Country data GER 1–1 Template:Country data ESP Group C 63,113
June 26, 1994 11:30AM Template:Country data GRE 0–4 Template:Country data BUL Group D 63,160
June 27, 1994 3:00PM Template:Country data BOL 1–3 Template:Country data ESP Group C 63,089
July 2, 1994 11:00AM Template:Country data GER 3–2 Template:Country data BEL Round of 16 60,246

1999 FIFA Women's World Cup

Date Time (CDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
June 24, 1999 17.00 Template:Fbw 2–0 Template:Fbw Group B 65,080
19.00 Template:Fbw 7–1 Template:Fbw Group A 65,080
June 26, 1999 16.00 Template:Fbw 0–2 Template:Fbw Group D 34,256
18.30 Template:Fbw 4–0 Template:Fbw Group C 34,256

CONCACAF Gold Cups

2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
21 June 2007 Template:Country data CAN 1–2 Template:Country data USA Semifinals 50,760
Template:Country data MEX 1–0 Template:Country data GPE
June 24, 2007 Template:Country data USA 2–1 Template:Country data MEX Final 60,000

2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
23 July 2009 Template:Country data HON 1–2 Template:Country data USA Semifinals 55,173
Template:Country data CRC 1–1 (3–5 pen) Template:Country data MEX

2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
12 June 2011 Template:Country data SLV 6–1 Template:Country data CUB Group A 62,000
Template:Country data MEX 4–1 Template:Country data CRC

2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
July 28, 2013 Template:Country data USA 1–0 Template:Country data PAN Final 57,920

2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
July 9, 2015 Template:Country data TRI 3–1 Template:Country data GUA Group C 54,126
Template:Country data MEX 6–0 Template:Country data CUB

Copa América Centenario

  • Main article: Copa América Centenario
Date Time (CDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
June 5, 2016 4:00PM Template:Country data JAM 0–1 Template:Country data VEN Group C 25,560
June 7, 2016 7:00PM Template:Country data USA 4–0 Template:Country data CRC Group A 39,642
June 10, 2016 8:30PM Template:Country data ARG 5–0 Template:Country data PAN Group D 53,885
June 22, 2016 7:00PM Template:Country data COL 0–2 Template:Country data CHI Semi-finals 55,423

2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup

  • Main article: 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup
Date Time (CDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
July 7, 2019 8:15PM Template:Country data MEX 1–0 Template:Country data USA Final 62,493

Single events

  • Over 15,000 spectators attended the first leg of the 1928 National Challenge Cup (now known as the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup) between soccer teams Bricklayers and Masons F.C. of Chicago and New York Nationals of New York City. The match ended in 1–1 tie, and New York won the second leg 3–0 in New York City.
  • Numerous Men's and Women's National Team friendly matches.
  • Liverpool vs Olympiacos in the 2014 International Champions Cup with Liverpool winning 1–0.[42]
  • Manchester United vs Paris Saint-Germain in the 2015 International Champions Cup with PSG winning 2–0.
  • Bayern Munich vs Milan in the 2016 International Champions Cup with the game resulting in a 3–3 draw and Milan winning the penalty shootout 5–3.
  • Site of the 2017 MLS All-Star Game, was played on August 2, 2017 between Real Madrid and a group of all-stars representing Major League Soccer.
  • Manchester City vs. Borussia Dortmund in the 2018 International Champions Cup with Borussia Dortmund winning 1–0.
  • Venue for the 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup Final, with Mexico defeating the United States 1–0.

Special Olympics

The first Special Olympics games were held at Soldier Field on July 20, 1968. The games involved more than 1,000 people with intellectual disabilities from 26 U.S. states and Canada competing in track and field and swimming. In 1970, the second international games occurred, when Special Olympics returned to Soldier Field.[43][44]

Rugby union

The stadium hosted its first international rugby union test match between the United States Eagles and New Zealand All Blacks on November 1, 2014 as part of the 2014 end-of-year rugby union tests.[45] More than half of the 61,500 tickets were sold within two days.[46] The All Blacks beat the Eagles 74–6.[47] The stadium hosted its second international rugby union match on September 5, 2015 with the United States hosting Australia as part of the 2015 Rugby World Cup warm-up matches shortly before both teams were due to travel to England for the 2015 Rugby World Cup.[48] The Eagles were defeated 47–10. Ireland beat New Zealand 40–29 on November 5, 2016 at Soldier Field, as part of the 2016 end-of-year rugby union internationals – the very first time Ireland had beaten the All Blacks in a Test match in 111 years of play.[49]

Date Winner Score Opponent Attendance
November 1, 2014 Template:Ru-rt 74–6 Template:Ru 61,500
September 5, 2015 Template:Ru-rt 47–10 Template:Ru 23,212
November 5, 2016 Template:Ru-rt 40–29 Template:Ru 60,000
November 3, 2018 Template:Ruw-rt 67–6 Template:Ruw 35,051
November 3, 2018 Template:Ru-rt 54–7 Template:Ru 35,051
November 3, 2018 Template:Ru-rt 59–22 Template:Ru 35,051

Concerts

File:Fare Thee Well - Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead 9.jpg

Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead in 2015

Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / concert name Attendance / Capacity Revenue Notes
August 21, 1937 Lily PonsRudy ValleeJascha HeifetzBobby Breen Template:N/a 8th Annual Chicagoland Music Festival Template:N/a Template:N/a
August 15, 1964 Johnny CashJune Carter Template:N/a Chicagoland Music Festival Template:N/a Template:N/a
August 9, 1966 Barbra Streisand Template:N/a An Evening with Barbra Streisand Tour Template:N/a Template:N/a
July 18, 1970 Template:Show Template:N/a WCFL's Big Ten Summer Music Festival Template:N/a Template:N/a
June 4, 1977 Emerson, Lake & Palmer FoghatThe J. Geils BandClimax Blues Band ELP Works Template:N/a Template:N/a
June 19, 1977 Pink Floyd Template:N/a In the Flesh Tour 95,000 Template:N/a
July 9, 1977 Lynyrd Skynyrd Point Blank 77,197 Template:N/a
July 10, 1977 Ted Nugent Lynyrd SkynyrdREO SpeedwagonJourney.38 Special Super Bowl of Rock #3 Template:N/a Template:N/a
August 13, 1977 Peter Frampton Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band

Rick Derringer UFO

Template:N/a Template:N/a
July 8, 1978 The Rolling Stones Journey

Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes Peter Tosh

The Rolling Stones US Tour 1978 Template:N/a Template:N/a
August 26, 1978 Parliament-Funkadelic The Bar-KaysCon Funk ShunA Taste of Honey Funk Fest Template:N/a Template:N/a
July 19, 1980 Smokey Robinson The O'Jays Template:N/a Template:N/a
August 10–18, 1983 Template:Show Template:N/a ChicagoFest Template:N/a Template:N/a
August 9, 1985 Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band Template:N/a Born in the U.S.A. Tour 71,222 / 71,222 $1,228,500
July 31, 1987 Madonna Level 42 Who's That Girl World Tour 47,407 / 47,407 $1,066,658
July 29, 1990 Paul McCartney Template:N/a The Paul McCartney World Tour 55,630 / 55,630 $1,807,975
June 22, 1991 Grateful Dead Template:N/a rowspan="5" Template:N/a rowspan="5" Template:N/a
June 25, 1992 Steve Miller Band
June 26, 1992
June 18, 1993 Sting
June 19, 1993
July 12, 1994 Pink Floyd Template:N/a The Division Bell Tour 51,981 / 51,981 $2,056,105
July 23, 1994 Grateful Dead Traffic rowspan="2" Template:N/a rowspan="2" Template:N/a
July 24, 1994
September 11, 1994 The Rolling Stones Lenny Kravitz Voodoo Lounge Tour 90,303 / 90,303 $4,194,320
September 12, 1994
July 8, 1995 Grateful Dead The Band rowspan="2" Template:N/a rowspan="2" Template:N/a The 1995 Grateful Dead concerts were the band's last, as guitarist and vocalist Jerry Garcia died a month later.[50]
July 9, 1995
July 11, 1995 Pearl Jam Bad ReligionOtis Rush Vitalogy Tour Template:N/a Template:N/a Played on the Grateful Dead's Stage
September 14, 1996 Little Feat Taj Mahal Template:N/a Template:N/a
June 27, 1997 U2 Fun Lovin' Criminals PopMart Tour 116,912 / 127,500 $5,956,587
June 28, 1997
June 29, 1997
July 18, 1997 Template:Show Template:N/a Vans Warped Tour Template:N/a Template:N/a
September 23, 1997 The Rolling Stones Blues Traveler Bridges to Babylon Tour 107,186 / 107,186 $6,260,000
September 25, 1997
May 10, 1998 George Strait rowspan="2" Template:N/a Country Music Festival Tour rowspan="2" Template:N/a rowspan="2" Template:N/a
April 25, 1999
May 13, 2000 Wilco Template:N/a Template:N/a Template:N/a
June 29, 2000 Dave Matthews Band Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals

Ozomatli

The Summer 2000 Tour 115,006 / 115,006 $5,175,270
June 30, 2000
June 16, 2001 NSYNC BBMak3LWDream PopOdyssey 85,650 / 103,903 $4,739,359
June 17, 2001
July 6, 2001 Dave Matthews Band Buddy GuyAngélique Kidjo The Summer 2001 Tour 103,675 / 103,675 $4,834,864
July 7, 2001
September 10, 2005 The Rolling Stones Los Lonely Boys A Bigger Bang 55,046 / 55,046 $7,231,427
July 21, 2006 Bon Jovi Nickelback Have a Nice Day Tour 52,612 / 52,612 $3,988,455
October 11, 2006 The Rolling Stones Elvis Costello & The Imposters A Bigger Bang 33,296 / 33,296 $4,020,721
June 21, 2008 Kenny Chesney Keith UrbanLeAnn RimesLuke BryanGary Allan The Poets and Pirates Tour 46,463 / 48,585 $4,063,663
October 11–12, 2008 Template:Show Template:N/a Chicago Country Music Festival Template:N/a Template:N/a
June 13, 2009 Kenny Chesney Lady AntebellumMiranda LambertMontgomery GentrySugarland Sun City Carnival Tour 48,763 / 50,109 $3,184,606
September 12, 2009 U2 Snow Patrol U2 360° Tour 135,872 / 135,872 $13,860,480
September 13, 2009
June 12, 2010 Template:Show Template:N/a The Bamboozle Roadshow 2010 Template:N/a Template:N/a Event held at Soldier Field parking lot
June 19, 2010 Eagles Dixie ChicksJD & The Straight Shot Long Road Out of Eden Tour 29,233 / 32,420 $3,186,493
July 7, 2010 deadmau5 Rye RyeBrazilian Girls Template:N/a Template:N/a
July 30, 2010 Bon Jovi Kid Rock The Circle Tour 95,959 / 95,959 $8,606,259
July 31, 2010
July 5, 2011 U2 Interpol U2 360° Tour 64,297 / 64,297 $5,786,335
August 23, 2011 Wayne Baker Brooks Sugar Blue Template:N/a Template:N/a
July 7, 2012 Kenny Chesney

Tim McGraw

Jake OwenGrace Potter and the Nocturnals Brothers of the Sun Tour 51,100 / 51,100 $5,109,399
July 12, 2013 Bon Jovi The J. Geils Band Because We Can 45,178 / 45,178 $4,690,204
July 22, 2013 Jay-ZJustin Timberlake DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 52,671 / 52,671 $5,715,152
August 10, 2013 Taylor Swift Ed SheeranCasey JamesAustin Mahone The Red Tour 50,809 / 50,809 $4,149,148
July 24, 2014 BeyoncéJay-Z Template:N/a On the Run Tour 50,035 / 50,035 $5,783,396
August 29, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 104,617 / 104,617 $9,446,247 During the August 29 show, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Liam, and one of "The Way You Make Me Feel" by Michael Jackson.
August 30, 2014
August 31, 2014 Luke Bryan Dierks BentleyLee BriceCole SwindellDJ Rock That's My Kind of Night Tour 50,529 / 50,529 $3,754,362
June 6, 2015 Kenny Chesney

Miranda Lambert

Brantley GilbertChase RiceOld Dominion The Big Revival Tour 43,630 / 48,278 $3,776,207 Chesney was the main headliner, Lambert joined as the co-headliner only for the Chicago show
July 3, 2015 Grateful Dead rowspan="3" Template:N/a Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead 210,283 / 210,283 $30,683,274 50th Anniversary concerts[51]
July 4, 2015
July 5, 2015
July 18, 2015 Taylor Swift Vance JoyShawn MendesHAIM The 1989 World Tour 110,109 / 110,109 $11,469,887 Andy Grammer and Serayah were special guests on the July 18 show
July 19, 2015 Sam Hunt and Andreja Pejić & Lily Donaldson were special guests on the July 19 show
August 23, 2015 One Direction Icona Pop On the Road Again Tour 41,527 / 41,527 $3,382,655
May 27, 2016 Beyoncé Rae Sremmurd The Formation World Tour 89,270 / 89,270 $11,279,890
May 28, 2016 DJ Scratch
July 1, 2016 Guns N' Roses Alice in Chains Not in This Lifetime... Tour 82,172 / 96,088 $8,843,684
July 3, 2016
July 23, 2016 Coldplay Alessia CaraFoxes A Head Full of Dreams Tour 95,323 / 95,323 $10,215,572 The July 23 show was cut short due to inclement weather.[52]
July 24, 2016
June 3, 2017 U2 The Lumineers The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 105,078 / 105,078 $13,435,925
June 4, 2017
June 18, 2017 Metallica Avenged SevenfoldLocal HMix Master Mike WorldWired Tour 51,041 / 51,041 $6,093,976
August 17, 2017 Coldplay AlunaGeorgeIzzy Bizu A Head Full of Dreams Tour 52,726 / 52,726 $6,026,402
June 1, 2018 Taylor Swift Camila CabelloCharli XCX Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour 105,208 / 105,208 $14,576,697
June 2, 2018
July 28, 2018 Kenny Chesney Thomas RhettOld DominionBrandon Lay Trip Around The Sun Tour 52,189 / 52,189 $5,751,195
August 10, 2018 Beyoncé

Jay-Z

Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 86,602 / 86,602 $12,303,099 During the second show, "Summer" was added to the setlist. "Apeshit" was also performed for the first time in its entirety with choreography and background dancers.
August 11, 2018
October 4, 2018 Ed Sheeran Snow PatrolLauv ÷ Tour 47,263 / 47,263 $4,339,350
May 11, 2019 BTS rowspan="2"Template:N/A Love Yourself World Tour 88,156 / 88,156 $13,345,795 [53]
May 12, 2019
June 21, 2019 The Rolling Stones St. Paul and the Broken Bones No Filter Tour 98,228 / 98,228 $21,741,564
June 25, 2019 Whiskey Myers
June 26, 2021 Kenny Chesney Florida Georgia Line

Old Dominion

Michael Franti & Spearhead

Chillaxification Tour
September 1, 2021 Rammstein Stadium Tour

Other events

File:FDR-Soldier-Field-October-28-1944.jpg

President Franklin D. Roosevelt at Soldier Field

File:Douglas MacArthur speaking at Soldier Field HD-SN-99-03036.JPEG

Gen. Douglas MacArthur at Soldier Field

File:Gay Games 2006, Chicago.jpg

Opening ceremonies of the 2006 Gay Games

File:President Barack Obama throws a football.jpg

President Barack Obama throws a football at Soldier Field after the 2012 NATO summit.

  • The 28th International Eucharistic Congress held three days of outdoor day and evening events from June 21–23, 1926.
  • The Long Count Fight, the second heavyweight championship bout between Jack Dempsey and Gene Tunney, was held at Soldier Field on September 22, 1927.
  • June 24, 1932, a war show celebrating the bicentennial of George Washington's birth featured Amelia Earhart.[54][55][56]
  • May 27, 1933, Soldier Field opening ceremonies of the Century of Progress World's Fair. Postmaster General and DNC-Chairman James Farley facilitated the opening ceremony.[57][58]
  • October 28, 1944, President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt made an appearance at Soldier Field, which was the only Midwestern speaking appearance he made in his last reelection campaign. This appearance was attended by over 150,000 (with at least as many people attempting to attend who were unable to gain admission).[59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66]
  • US General during World War II Douglas MacArthur addressed a crowd of 50,000 at Soldier Field, which was his first visit to the United States in 14 years in April 1951.
  • Glenn "Fireball" Roberts won the only NASCAR Grand National race held at the stadium's short track which ran across the old configuration, in 1956.[67][68] Three Convertible Division races were held at the stadium.[69]
  • The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King Jr., held a rally here on June 21, 1964. As many as 75,000 came to hear Reverend King, Reverend Theodore Hesburgh (president of the University of Notre Dame, Archbishop Arthur M. Brazier, and Minister Edgar Chandler, among others.[70]
  • The Chicago Freedom Movement held a second rally here on July 10, 1966. As many as 60,000 people came to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder and Peter, Paul and Mary.[71]
  • The early-to-mid 1980s saw the US Hot Rod Association host Truck and Tractor Sled Pull Competitions and Monster Truck exhibitions here. The engines on some of the vehicles would echo through the skyscrapers in downtown Chicago as they made their pull. Damage to the stadium turf on a few of the event occasion's led USHRA to move events to the Rosemont Horizon (known today as Allstate Arena).
  • 1974 The Chicago Fire of the World Football League played here before folding in 1975.
  • October 13 David D. Meilahn made the first-ever commercial cell phone call from his 1983 Mercedes-Benz 380SL at Soldier Field on a Motorola DynaTAC. This is considered a major turning point in communications. The call was to Bob Barnett, the former president of Ameritech Mobile Communications, who then placed a call on a DynaTAC from inside of a Chrysler convertible to the grandson of Alexander Graham Bell who was in Germany.[72]
  • The stadium was listed on the National Register of Historic Places beginning in 1984.[73] Its National Historic Landmark status was removed in 2006.[74]
  • In the summer of 2006, the stadium hosted the Opening Ceremony of the Gay Games[75]
  • In 2012, United States President Barack Obama held the 2012 Chicago summit, a summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), at McCormick Place and Soldier Field.[76]
  • When the field and nearby Shedd Aquarium had to close to visitors because of the 2020 pandemic, Soldier Field became the exercise grounds for the Aquarium's penguins.[77]

In popular culture

  • In the Marvel Comics event Siege, Soldier Field is inadvertently destroyed mid-game by Thor's friend Volstagg when he is tricked into fighting the U-Foes through Loki and Norman Osborn's manipulations of events.[78] The stadium is later seen being rebuilt by the heroes after Steve Rogers is appointed head of U.S. Security, following the aforementioned event.[79]
  • The 1977 documentary film Powers of Ten focuses on two people having a picnic on the east side of Soldier Field.[80]
  • The stadium appears in the 2006 Clint Eastwood–directed movie Flags of Our Fathers, when the survivors of the Iwo Jima flag-raising reenact it for a patriotic rally.[81]
  • The opening match of the 1994 World Cup at Soldier Field was one of the five events covered in the ESPN 30 for 30 documentary June 17, 1994.
  • Soldier Field features (much changed) in August 4017a.d. in From The Highlands short story in David Weber's anthology collection Changer Of Worlds. It appears to have gone through multiple renovations, rebuilds and even having been built over, until nothing but the open space of the original remained.
  • In Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X, one of the games missions takes place in Chicago. Soldier Field can be seen along with the rest of the city.
  • In the 13th episode of Chicago FireTemplate:'s fourth season, Soldier Field is featured on one of their calls for a terrorist hoax. The stadium appears again in the 21st episode of the fifth season as one of their calls for a high angle rescue. This stadium is featured again in the eighth season as members of firehouse 51 respond to help victims of a deadly infection.

Gallery

See also

  • List of events at Soldier Field

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rollow, Cooper. "Bears find home; it's Soldier Field", March 14, 1971, p. 1, part 3. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Bears sign to play in Soldier Field", March 14, 1971, p. 21. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Historical timeline of Soldier Field. Chicago Bears (2009).
  4. "110,000 to see game today", November 27, 1926, p. 1. 
  5. "Soldier Field", Chicago Architecture Info. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  6. "Truman telss Chicago crowd U.S. must remain strong", April 7, 1946, p. 10, part 1. 
  7. "Closing meeting at Chicago's Soldier Field", November 25, 1962, p. 64. 
  8. Lugardo, Sara (December 16, 2012). History of Tailgating in Chicago. WBBM-TV.
  9. "Bears' games at Soldier Field may be moved", August 16, 1988, p. 26. 
  10. Taylor, Roy (2003). Soldier Field History. Bearshistory.com.
  11. Barboza, David. "Chicago Journal; Soldier Field Renovation Brings Out Boo-Birds", June 16, 2003. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 Sharoff, Robert. "Field of Pain", November 2002. 
  13. Kamin, Blair. "Soldier field plan: On further Review, the Play Stinks", April 5, 2001. 
  14. Kamin, Blair. "The Monstrosity of the Midway; Mr. Mayor: Stop the Madness and Admit That the Lakefront Is No Place for the Bears", June 11, 2001. 
  15. Kamin, Blair. "A tale of Hungry Bears and White Elephants", July 11, 2001. 
  16. Ranking the best and worst NFL stadiums (in en) (October 16, 2015).
  17. Chapman, Steve. "A stadium deal that is hard to bear", September 14, 2003. 
  18. Muschamp, Herbert. "Architecture: The Highs; The Buildings (and Plans) of the Year", December 23, 2003. 
  19. Mayer, Larry. Soldier Field wins prestigious award. Chicago Bears.
  20. Soldier Field loses National Historic Landmark status. General Cultural Resources News. eCulturalResources (April 24, 2006).
  21. Murray, Jeanne (October 20, 2006). Leveling the Playing Field. Preservation Magazine. National Trust for Historic Preservation.
  22. Weekly List of Actions taken on properties: 4/17/06 through 4/21/06. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service (April 28, 2006).
  23. Soldier Field earns top building honor. Chicago Bears (May 31, 2012).
  24. Mikula, Jeremy (2019-07-09). Chicago Fire reach deal with Bridgeview to leave SeatGeek Stadium for $65.5 million.
  25. 1926 Army-Navy Game. Library Archives. United States Naval Academy (November 26, 2001).
  26. NFC Championship - Los Angeles Rams at Chicago Bears - January 12th, 1986 (in en).
  27. NFC Championship - San Francisco 49ers at Chicago Bears - January 8th, 1989 (in en).
  28. St. Rita to Play Fenwick at Soldier Field (2012-10-23). St. Rita to Play Fenwick at Soldier Field — St. Rita of Cascia High School. Stritahs.com.
  29. College Hockey Doubleheader coming to Soldier Field: Hockey City Classic!. Chicago Tribune (July 11, 2012).
  30. 30.0 30.1 Forman, Ross (January 24, 2015). CGHA to skate at Soldier Field after Hockey City Classic. Windy City Times.
  31. "Toews Powers Blackhawks To Snowy 5-1 Win Over Penguins", CBS Chicago, March 1, 2014. 
  32. Bradley, Ben (June 16, 2015). Blackhawks rally tickets to be available Wednesday.
  33. Michigan to Play Michigan State Outdoors at Soldier Field in Chicago (August 12, 2014).
  34. Michigan, MSU to play outdoor hockey at Soldier Field (August 11, 2014).
  35. Spartans Fall to Michigan at Soldier Field (February 8, 2015).
  36. WMU Hockey Comes Up Short at Soldier Field. Western Herald (February 8, 2015).
  37. Michigan downs Michigan State, 4–1, in Hockey City Classic at Soldier Field. Big Ten Network (February 8, 2015).
  38. Sipple, George (February 8, 2015). Sipple: Hockey City Classic in Chicago full of problems. Detroit Free Press.
  39. Saturday, February 7, 2015 Miami (MIA) vs Western Michigan (WMU).
  40. Michigan 4, Michigan State 1.
  41. Romano, Sara (February 4, 2015). PUBLIC SKATING, CHARITY GAME AT SOLDIER FIELD THURSDAY. Northwestern University.
  42. Liverpool Hold Off Olympiacos at Soldier Field Template:Webarchive ICC.com July 28, 2014 Retrieved July 28, 2014
  43. The Beginning of a Worldwide Movement (in en).
  44. A Joyful New Movement Gains Momentum (in en).
  45. All Blacks: Chicago likely test venue. NZ Herald News (April 5, 2014).
  46. More than 30,000 tickets sold for All Blacks matchup at Soldier Field (June 18, 2014).
  47. All Blacks Showcase World-Class Rugby at Soldier Field (November 1, 2014).
  48. 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool Matches. Australian Rugby Union.
  49. "Autumn internationals: Ireland 40-29 New Zealand", BBC, November 5, 2016. 
  50. DeadBase XI: The Complete Guide to Grateful Dead Song Lists,Scott, John W. (1999). . DeadBase. ISBN 1-877657-22-0.
  51. Waddell, Ray (July 4, 2015). "Grateful Dead Fare Thee Well Sets Attendance Record at Chicago's Soldier Field", Billboard. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  52. Legaspi, Althea. "Rain can't dampen Coldplay party at Soldier Field", Chicago Tribune, July 24, 2016. 
  53. HOT TICKETS: JUNE 6, 2019 (June 6, 2019).
  54. "Planes Thrill Crowd at Military Show", June 25, 1932. 
  55. "1,500 Soldiers Will Move into Loop Wednesday", June 13, 1932. 
  56. Laughlin, Kathleen. "Amelia Flies to City; Given Noisy Ovation", June 25, 1932. 
  57. "Chicago Fair Opened by Farley; Rays of Arcturus Start Lights", May 28, 1933. 
  58. O'Donnell Bennett, James. "Exposition Starts with Pageant in Soldiers' Field", May 28, 1933. 
  59. Gentry, Guy. "700,000 Tickets Out for F.D.R. Rally Tonight", October 28, 1944. 
  60. "Record Crowd Hears President Give Peace Program", November 4, 1944. 
  61. "Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, "Campaign Address at Soldier Field, Chicago" October 28, 1944". 
  62. Edwards, Willard. "F.D.R. Promises New Deal No. 2; Dewey Hits at War 'Credit' Claim", October 29, 1944. 
  63. Franklin D. Roosevelt, "Campaign Address at Soldier Field", October 28, 1944
  64. "Postwar Goal: 60 Million Jobs", October 29, 1944. 
  65. "Record Crowd In Chicago", November 4, 1944. 
  66. Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945,Kennedy, David M. (1999). Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945 pp. 767–769; 774–775. Oxford University Press. ISBN .
  67. Checkered Flag Waves for NASCAR Legends story – Soldier Field. Laidbackracing.com.
  68. Higgins, Tom (July 9, 2010). Chicago's storied Soldier Field was once a NASCAR track. www.thatsracin.com.
  69. Throwback Thursday: Chicagoland. NASCAR (September 12, 2013).
  70. Freedom Summer in Chicago: An Anticlimax. University of Illinois at Chicago Library.
  71. American Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley: His Battle for Chicago and the Nation,American Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley: His Battle for Chicago and the Nation. Little, Brown (2000). ISBN 0-316-83403-3.
  72. Oehmke, Ted. "Cell Phones Ruin the Opera? Meet the Culprit", The New York Times, January 6, 2000. 
  73. Soldier Field – Building #84001052. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service (1984).
  74. National Register of Historic Places Listings. National Park Service (April 28, 2006).
  75. Noel, Josh; Elejalde-Ruiz, Alexia (July 16, 2006). "Pride, Support, Protest Mark Opening", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  76. President Obama throws football at Soldier Field. Chicago Bears (May 21, 2012).
  77. Watch: Penguins visit the home of the Bears (in en).
  78. Siege #1
  79. Avengers (vol. 4) #1
  80. Powers of Ten. Film and description. Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire (CERN) (June 14, 2011).
  81. Turan, Kenneth. "Movie Review: Flags of Our Fathers", October 20, 2006. 

Further reading

 Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City,Ford, Liam T. A. (2009). . The University of Chicago Press.  ISBN 978-0-226-25706-8.

External links

Template:Chicago Bears

Arizona Cardinals current roster
Quarterbacks

Running backs

  • 26 Eno Benjamin
  • 29 Chase Edmonds
  • -- Khalfani Muhammad
  • 38 Jonathan Ward

Wide receivers

  • -- Rico Gafford
  • -- A. J. Green
  • 18 Krishawn Hogan
  • 10 DeAndre Hopkins
  • 17 Andy Isabella
  • 19 KeeSean Johnson
  • 13 Christian Kirk
  • 83 A. J. Richardson
  • 14 JoJo Ward
  • 12 Isaac Whitney

Tight ends

Offensive linemen
  • 68 Kelvin Beachum T
  • -- Branden Bowen T
  • -- Shaq Calhoun G
  • 53 Lamont Gaillard C
  • 73 Max Garcia G
  • 76 Marcus Gilbert T
  • -- Sean Harlow G
  • -- Rodney Hudson C
  • 74 D. J. Humphries T
  • 79 Josh Jones T
  • 60 Koda Martin G
  • 66 Joshua Miles T
  • 71 Justin Murray T
  • 67 Justin Pugh G
  • -- Brian Winters G

Defensive linemen

  • 94 Zach Allen DE
  • 91 Michael Dogbe DE
  • 95 Leki Fotu NT
  • 92 Rashard Lawrence NT
  • -- David Parry NT
  • 97 Jordan Phillips DE
  • 99 J. J. Watt DE
Linebackers
  • -- Jamal Carter ILB
  • 44 Markus Golden OLB
  • 58 Jordan Hicks ILB
  • 55 Chandler Jones OLB
  • 42 Devon Kennard OLB
  • -- Shareef Miller OLB
  • -- Donald Rutledge LB
  • 48 Isaiah Simmons ILB
  • 54 Terrance Smith ILB
  • 51 Tanner Vallejo ILB
  • 56 Reggie Walker OLB
  • 50 Evan Weaver ILB

Defensive backs

  • 23 Robert Alford CB
  • 32 Budda Baker FS
  • 31 Chris Banjo SS
  • -- Malcolm Butler CB
  • 30 Chris Miller S
  • 33 Byron Murphy CB
  • 35 Picasso Nelson CB
  • 22 Deionte Thompson SS
  • 34 Jalen Thompson SS
  • 28 Charles Washington FS
  • 39 Jace Whittaker CB
  • -- Shawn Williams SS

Special teams

Reserve lists
  • Currently vacant


Rookies in italics

Roster updated April 3, 2021
Depth chartTransactions
70 active, inactive, 17 FAs

AFC rostersNFC rosters


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