The Super Bowl is the annual American football game that determines the champion of the National Football League (NFL). The game culminates a season that begins in the previous calendar year, and is the conclusion of the NFL playoffs. The contest is held in an American city, chosen three to four years beforehand, usually at warm-weather sites or domed stadiums. Since January 1971, the winner of the American Football Conference (AFC) Championship Game has faced the winner of the National Football Conference (NFC) Championship Game in the culmination of the NFL playoffs.
Before the 1970 merger between the American Football League (AFL) and the National Football League (NFL), the two leagues met in four such contests. The first two were marketed as the "AFL–NFL World Championship Game", but were also casually referred to as "the Super Bowl game" during the television broadcast. Super Bowl III in January 1969 was the first such game that carried the "Super Bowl" moniker in official marketing, the names "Super Bowl I" and "Super Bowl II" were retroactively applied to the first two games. The NFC/NFL leads in Super Bowl wins with 28, while the AFC/AFL have won 27. Nineteen different franchises, including teams that relocated to another city, have won the Super Bowl.
The Pittsburgh Steelers (6–2) and the New England Patriots (6–5) have won the most Super Bowls with six championships, while the Dallas Cowboys (5–3) and the San Francisco 49ers (5–2) have five wins. New England has the most Super Bowl appearances with eleven, while the Buffalo Bills (0–4) have the most consecutive appearances with four (all losses) from 1990 to 1993. The Miami Dolphins are the only other team to have at least three consecutive appearances: 1972–1974. The Denver Broncos (3–5) and Patriots have each lost a record five Super Bowls. The Minnesota Vikings (0–4) and the Bills have lost four. The record for consecutive wins is two and is shared by seven franchises: the Green Bay Packers (1966–1967), the Miami Dolphins (1972–1973), the Pittsburgh Steelers (1974–1975 and 1978–1979), the only team to accomplish this feat twice), the San Francisco 49ers (1988–1989), the Dallas Cowboys (1992–1993), the Denver Broncos (1997–1998), and the New England Patriots (2003–2004). Among those, Dallas (1992–1993; 1995) and New England (2001; 2003–2004) are the only teams to win three out of four consecutive Super Bowls. The 1972 Dolphins capped off the only perfect season in NFL history with their victory against Washington in Super Bowl VII. The only team with multiple Super Bowl appearances and no losses is the Baltimore Ravens, who won Super Bowl XLVII defeated and replaced the 49ers in that position. Four current NFL teams have never appeared in a Super Bowl, including franchise relocations and renaming: the Cleveland Browns, Detroit Lions, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Houston Texans, though both the Browns (1964) and Lions (1957) had won NFL championship games prior to the creation of the Super Bowl.
Super Bowl Championship (1966–present)
Numbers in parentheses in the table are Super Bowl appearances, as of the date of that Super Bowl and are used as follows:
- Winning team and Losing team columns indicate the number of times that team has appeared in a Super Bowl.
- Venue column indicates number of times that stadium has hosted a Super Bowl.
- City column indicates number of times that that metropolitan area has hosted a Super Bowl.
|National Football League (NFL, 1967–1970)||American Football League (AFL, 1967–1970)|
|NFL Champion‡||AFL Champion^|
|National Football Conference (NFC, 1971–present)||American Football Conference (AFC, 1971–present)|
|NFC Champion*||AFC Champion†|
|Game||Date||Winning team||Score||Losing team||Venue||City||Att.||Ref|
|I||January 15, 1967||Green Bay Packers‡||35–10||Kansas City Chiefs^||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||Los Angeles, CA[note 1]||61,946|||
|II||January 14, 1968||Green Bay Packers‡ (2)||33–14||Oakland Raiders^||Orange Bowl||Miami, FL[note 2]||75,546|||
|III||January 12, 1969||New York Jets^||16–7||Baltimore Colts‡||Orange Bowl (2)||Miami, FL (2)[note 2]||75,389|||
|IV||January 11, 1970||Kansas City Chiefs^ (2)||23–7||Minnesota Vikings‡||Tulane Stadium||New Orleans, LA||80,562|||
|V||January 17, 1971||Baltimore Colts† (2)||16–13||Dallas Cowboys*||Orange Bowl (3)||Miami, FL (3)[note 2]||79,204|||
|VI||January 16, 1972||Dallas Cowboys* (2)||24–3||Miami Dolphins†||Tulane Stadium (2)||New Orleans, LA (2)||81,023|||
|VII||January 14, 1973||Miami Dolphins† (2)||14–7||Washington Redskins*||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (2)||Los Angeles, CA (2)[note 1]||90,182|||
|VIII||January 13, 1974||Miami Dolphins† (3)||24–7||Minnesota Vikings* (2)||Rice Stadium||Houston, TX||71,882|||
|IX||January 12, 1975||Pittsburgh Steelers†||16–6||Minnesota Vikings* (3)||Tulane Stadium (3)||New Orleans, LA (3)||80,997|||
|X||January 18, 1976||Pittsburgh Steelers† (2)||21–17||Dallas Cowboys* (3)[note 3]||Orange Bowl (4)||Miami, FL (4)[note 2]||80,187|||
|XI||January 9, 1977||Oakland Raiders† (2)||32–14||Minnesota Vikings* (4)||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA (3)[note 1]||103,438|||
|XII||January 15, 1978||Dallas Cowboys* (4)||27–10||Denver Broncos†||Louisiana Superdome||New Orleans, LA (4)||76,400|||
|XIII||January 21, 1979||Pittsburgh Steelers† (3)||35–31||Dallas Cowboys* (5)||Orange Bowl (5)||Miami, FL (5)[note 2]||79,484|||
|XIV||January 20, 1980||Pittsburgh Steelers† (4)||31–19||Los Angeles Rams*||Rose Bowl (2)||Pasadena, CA (4)[note 1]||103,985|||
|XV||January 25, 1981||Oakland Raiders† (3)[note 3]||27–10||Philadelphia Eagles*||Louisiana Superdome (2)||New Orleans, LA (5)||76,135|||
|XVI||January 24, 1982||San Francisco 49ers*||26–21||Cincinnati Bengals†||Pontiac Silverdome||Pontiac, MI[note 1]||81,270|||
|XVII||January 30, 1983||Washington Redskins* (2)||27–17||Miami Dolphins† (4)||Rose Bowl (3)||Pasadena, CA (5)[note 1]||103,667|||
|XVIII||January 22, 1984||Los Angeles Raiders† (4)||38–9||Washington Redskins* (3)||Tampa Stadium||Tampa, FL||72,920|||
|XIX||January 20, 1985||San Francisco 49ers* (2)||38–16||Miami Dolphins† (5)||Stanford Stadium||Stanford, CA||84,059|||
|XX||January 26, 1986||Chicago Bears*||46–10||New England Patriots†[note 3]||Louisiana Superdome (3)||New Orleans, LA (6)||73,818|||
|XXI||January 25, 1987||New York Giants*||39–20||Denver Broncos† (2)||Rose Bowl (4)||Pasadena, CA (6)[note 1]||101,063|||
|XXII||January 31, 1988||Washington Redskins* (4)||42–10||Denver Broncos† (3)||Jack Murphy Stadium[note 4]||San Diego, CA||73,302|||
|XXIII||January 22, 1989||San Francisco 49ers* (3)||20–16||Cincinnati Bengals† (2)||Joe Robbie Stadium[note 4]||Miami, FL (6)[note 2]||75,129|||
|XXIV||January 28, 1990||San Francisco 49ers* (4)||55–10||Denver Broncos† (4)||Louisiana Superdome (4)||New Orleans, LA (7)||72,919|||
|XXV||January 27, 1991||New York Giants* (2)||20–19||Buffalo Bills†||Tampa Stadium (2)||Tampa, FL (2)||73,813|||
|XXVI||January 26, 1992||Washington Redskins* (5)||37–24||Buffalo Bills† (2)||Metrodome||Minneapolis, MN||63,130|||
|XXVII||January 31, 1993||Dallas Cowboys* (6)||52–17||Buffalo Bills† (3)[note 3]||Rose Bowl (5)||Pasadena, CA (7)[note 1]||98,374|||
|XXVIII||January 30, 1994||Dallas Cowboys* (7)||30–13||Buffalo Bills† (4)||Georgia Dome||Atlanta, GA||72,817|||
|XXIX||January 29, 1995||San Francisco 49ers* (5)||49–26||San Diego Chargers†||Joe Robbie Stadium (2)[note 4]||Miami, FL (7)[note 2]||74,107|||
|XXX||January 28, 1996||Dallas Cowboys* (8)||27–17||Pittsburgh Steelers† (5)||Sun Devil Stadium||Tempe, AZ[note 1]||76,347|||
|XXXI||January 26, 1997||Green Bay Packers* (3)||35–21||New England Patriots† (2)||Louisiana Superdome (5)||New Orleans, LA (8)||72,301|||
|XXXII||January 25, 1998||Denver Broncos† (5)[note 3]||31–24||Green Bay Packers* (4)||Qualcomm Stadium (2)[note 4]||San Diego, CA (2)||68,912|||
|XXXIII||January 31, 1999||Denver Broncos† (6)||34–19||Atlanta Falcons*||Pro Player Stadium (3)[note 4]||Miami, FL (8)[note 2]||74,803|||
|XXXIV||January 30, 2000||St. Louis Rams* (2)||23–16||Tennessee Titans†[note 3]||Georgia Dome (2)||Atlanta, GA (2)||72,625|||
|XXXV||January 28, 2001||Baltimore Ravens†[note 3]||34–7||New York Giants* (3)||Raymond James Stadium||Tampa, FL (3)||71,921|||
|XXXVI||February 3, 2002||New England Patriots† (3)||20–17||St. Louis Rams* (3)||Louisiana Superdome (6)||New Orleans, LA (9)||72,922|||
|XXXVII||January 26, 2003||Tampa Bay Buccaneers*||48–21||Oakland Raiders† (5)||Qualcomm Stadium (3)[note 4]||San Diego, CA (3)||67,603|||
|XXXVIII||February 1, 2004||New England Patriots† (4)||32–29||Carolina Panthers*||Reliant Stadium||Houston, TX (2)||71,525|||
|XXXIX||February 6, 2005||New England Patriots† (5)||24–21||Philadelphia Eagles* (2)||ALLTEL Stadium||Jacksonville, FL||78,125|||
|XL||February 5, 2006||Pittsburgh Steelers† (5)[note 3]||21–10||Seattle Seahawks*||Ford Field||Detroit, MI (2)[note 1]||68,206|||
|XLI||February 4, 2007||Indianapolis Colts† (3)||29–17||Chicago Bears* (2)||Dolphin Stadium (4)[note 4]||Miami Gardens, FL (9)[note 2]||74,512|||
|XLII||February 3, 2008||New York Giants* (4)[note 3]||17–14||New England Patriots† (6)||University of Phoenix Stadium||Glendale, AZ (2)[note 1]||71,101|||
|XLIII||February 1, 2009||Pittsburgh Steelers† (6)||27–23||Arizona Cardinals*||Raymond James Stadium (2)||Tampa, FL (4)||70,774|||
|XLIV||February 7, 2010||New Orleans Saints*||31–17||Indianapolis Colts† (4)||Sun Life Stadium (5)[note 4]||Miami Gardens, FL (10)[note 2]||74,059|||
|XLV||February 6, 2011||Green Bay Packers* (5)[note 3]||31–25||Pittsburgh Steelers† (8)||Cowboys Stadium||Arlington, TX||103,219|||
|XLVI||February 5, 2012||New York Giants* (5)||21–17||New England Patriots† (7)||Lucas Oil Stadium||Indianapolis, IN||68,658|||
|XLVII||February 3, 2013||Baltimore Ravens†
|34–31||San Francisco 49ers*
|Mercedes-Benz Superdome (7)||New Orleans, LA (10)||71,024|||
|XLVIII||February 2, 2014||Seattle Seahawks*
|MetLife Stadium||East Rutherford, NJ||82,529|||
|XLIX||February 1, 2015||New England Patriots†
|U. of Phoenix Stadium (2)||Glendale, AZ (3)[note 1]||70,288|||
|50L||February 7, 2016||Denver Broncos†
|Levi's Stadium||Santa Clara, CA (2)[note 1]||71,088|||
|LI||February 5, 2017||New England Patriots†
|34–28 (OT)||Atlanta Falcons*
|NRG Stadium (2)[note 4]||Houston, Texas (3)||70,807|||
|LII||February 4, 2018||Philadelphia Eagles*
|41–33||New England Patriots†
|U.S. Bank Stadium||Minneapolis, Minnesota (2)||67,612|||
|LIII||February 3, 2019||New England Patriots†
|13-3||Los Angeles Rams*
|Mercedes-Benz Stadium||Atlanta, Georgia (3)||70,081|||
|LIV||February 2, 2020 [note 5]||Kansas City Chiefs*
|31-20||San Francisco 49ers†
|Hard Rock Stadium (6)[note 4]||Miami Gardens, Florida (11)[note 2]||62,417|||
|LV||February 7, 2021 [note 5]||Tampa Bay Buccaneers†
|31-9||Kansas City Chiefs*
|Raymond James Stadium (3)||Tampa, FL (4)||24,835|||
|LVI||February 13, 2022||Los Angeles Rams||23-20||Cincinnati Bengals||SoFi Stadium||Inglewood, California (8)[note 1]||TBD|||
|LVII||February 12, 2023||TBD||0-0||TBD||State Farm Stadium (3)||Glendale, Arizona (4)||TBD||Game||Date||Winning
Super Bowl appearances by team
teams (28 wins)
|AFL^/AFC† teams (27 wins)|
|NFL‡/AFC† team[note 6]|
In the sortable table below, teams are ordered first by number of appearances, then by number of wins, and finally by year of first appearance. In the "Season(s)" column, bold years indicate winning seasons, and italic years indicate games not yet played.
Teams with no Super Bowl appearances
- Detroit Lions, NFL champions four times in 1935, 1952, 1953, and 1957; appeared in one other NFL Championship Game in 1954; and appeared in one NFC Championship Game in 1991
- Cleveland Browns, NFL champions four times in 1950, 1954, 1955, and 1964; appeared in six other NFL championship games in 1951, 1952, 1953, 1957, 1968, and 1969; and appeared in three AFC Championship Games in 1986, 1987, and 1989 (The Browns are officially viewed as one continuous franchise that began in 1946 as a member of the All-America Football Conference, joined the NFL in 1950, suspended operations from 1996–1998, and resumed play in 1999. The Baltimore Ravens were an expansion team created in 1996 with former Browns players.)
- Jacksonville Jaguars, 1995 expansion team; appeared in three AFC Championship Games in 1996, 1999, and 2017.
- Houston Texans, 2002 expansion team; first NFL playoff appearance in 2011.
In addition, Detroit, Houston and Jacksonville have hosted Super Bowls; this means Cleveland is the only current NFL city that has neither hosted, nor had their team play in, a Super Bowl.
Teams with Super Bowl appearances but no victories
Ten teams have appeared in the Super Bowl without ever winning. In alphabetical order, they are:
- Arizona Cardinals, appeared in Super Bowl XLIII. Their last championship was in 1947 when they were the Chicago Cardinals.
- Atlanta Falcons, appeared in Super Bowl XXXIII and LI. They have no pre-Super Bowl league championships.
- Buffalo Bills, appeared in Super Bowls XXV, XXVI, XXVII, and XXVIII. Their last AFL championship was in 1965.
- Carolina Panthers, appeared in and lost both Super Bowl XXXVIII and Super Bowl 50. They did not exist prior to the AFL-NFL merger, so have no pre-Super Bowl league championships.
- Cincinnati Bengals, appeared in Super Bowls XVI and XXIII. They have no pre-Super Bowl league championships.
- Minnesota Vikings, appeared in Super Bowls IV, VIII, IX, and XI. They were NFL champions in 1969, the last year before the AFL-NFL merger.
- San Diego Chargers, appeared in Super Bowl XXIX. Their last AFL championship was in 1963.
- Tennessee Titans, appeared in Super Bowl XXXIV. Their last AFL championship was in 1961 when the team was the Houston Oilers.
Teams with long Super Bowl droughts
The following seven teams have appeared in the Super Bowl, but not since 1995, meaning their droughts are longer than Jacksonville's and Houston's.
- New York Jets (most recently appeared in Super Bowl III in 1969)
The most recent Super Bowl appearance for the following teams was after the AFL–NFL merger, but prior to the 1995 regular season:
- Minnesota Vikings (Super Bowl XI in 1976)
- Miami Dolphins (Super Bowl XIX in 1985)
- Cincinnati Bengals (Super Bowl XXIII in 1988)
- Washington Redskins (Super Bowl XXVI in 1991)
- Buffalo Bills (Super Bowl XXVIII in 1993)
- San Diego Chargers (Super Bowl XXIX in 1994)
Super Bowl rematches
The following teams have faced each other more than once in the Super Bowl:
- Dallas Cowboys and Pittsburgh Steelers (3) - Super Bowls X and XIII were won by Pittsburgh, and Super Bowl XXX was won by Dallas.
- Miami Dolphins and Washington Redskins (2) - Super Bowl VII was won by Miami, and Super Bowl XVII was won by Washington.
- Cincinnati Bengals and San Francisco 49ers (2) - Super Bowls XVI and XXIII were both won by San Francisco.
- Buffalo Bills and Dallas Cowboys (2) - Super Bowls XXVII and XXVIII were both won by Dallas.
- New England Patriots and New York Giants (2) - Super Bowls XLII and XLVI were both won by New York.
- Philadelphia Eagles and New England Patriots (2) - Super Bowl XXXIX was won by New England, Super Bowl LII was won by Philadelphia.
- New England Patriots and St. Louis/Los Angeles Rams (2) - Super Bowls XXXVI and LIII were both won by New England.
- History of National Football League Championship (1920–present)
- List of AFC champions
- List of NFC champions
- List of NFL champions
- List of Grey Cup champions, in the equivalent event for the Canadian Football League
- List of Super Bowl records
- Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Award
- List of NFL franchise post-season droughts
- List of NFL franchise post-season streaks
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