American Football Wiki

The Heisman Trophy, one of the highest individual awards in American college football, has been awarded 75 times since its creation in 1935, including 74 individual winners and one two-time winner (the 2005 award was declared vacant subsequent to it having been awarded, so only 73 individuals are officially recognized as having won the award). The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and is awarded by the The Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the Nokia Theatre in New York City.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River". In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the Chicago Maroons. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business. In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first person to win it as the "Heisman Trophy". In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938. Only one player, Archie Griffin of the Ohio State Buckeyes, has won the award more than once.

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building, the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003. The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Nokia Theatre Times Square. The move to the Nokia Theatre allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[[|[8]]]

In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions, and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states (the regions include the Far West, the Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, and South West). Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.


Year Winner School Points
1935 Jay Berwanger Chicago Maroons 84
1936 Larry Kelley Yale Bulldogs 219
1937 Clint Frank Yale Bulldogs 524
1938 Davey O'Brien TCU Horned Frogs 519
1939 Nile Kinnick Iowa Hawkeyes 651
1940 Tom Harmon Michigan Wolverines 1,303
1941 Bruce Smith Minnesota Golden Gophers 554
1942 Frank Sinkwich Georgia Bulldogs 1,059
1943 Angelo Bertelli Notre Dame Fighting Irish 648
1944 Les Horvath Ohio State Buckeyes 412
1945 Doc Blanchard Army Black Knights 860
1946 Glenn Davis Army Black Knights 792
1947 John Lujack Notre Dame Fighting Irish 742
1948 Doak Walker SMU Mustangs 778
1949 Leon Hart Notre Dame Fighting Irish 995
1950 Vic Janowicz Ohio State Buckeyes 633
1951 Dick Kazmaier Princeton Tigers 1,777
1952 Billy Vessels Oklahoma Sooners 525
1953 Johnny Lattner Notre Dame Fighting Irish 1,850
1954 Alan Ameche Wisconsin Badgers 1,068
1955 Howard Cassady Ohio State Buckeyes 2,219
1956 Paul Hornung Notre Dame Fighting Irish 1,066
1957 John David Crow Texas A&M Aggies 1,183
1958 Pete Dawkins Army Black Knights 1,394
1959 Billy Cannon LSU Tigers 1,929
1960 Joe Bellino Navy Midshipmen 1,793
1961 Ernie Davis Syracuse Orange 824
1962 Terry Baker Oregon State Beavers 707
1963 Roger Staubach Navy Midshipmen 1,860
1964 John Huarte Notre Dame Fighting Irish 1,026
1965 Mike Garrett USC Trojans 926
1966 Steve Spurrier Florida Gators 1,679
1967 Gary Beban UCLA Bruins 1,968
1968 O.J. Simpson USC Trojans 2,853
1969 Steve Owens Oklahoma Sooners 1,488
1970 Jim Plunkett Stanford Indians 2,229
1971 Pat Sullivan Auburn Tigers 1,597
1972 Johnny Rodgers Nebraska Cornhuskers 1,310
1973 John Cappelletti Penn State Nittany Lions 1,057
1974 Archie Griffin Ohio State Buckeyes 1,920
1975 Archie Griffin Ohio State Buckeyes 1,800
1976 Tony Dorsett Pittsburgh Panthers 2,357
1977 Earl Campbell Texas Longhorns 1,547
1978 Billy Sims Oklahoma Sooners 1,896
1979 Charles White USC Trojans 1,695
1980 George Rogers South Carolina Gamecocks 1,128
1981 Marcus Allen USC Trojans 1,797
1982 Herschel Walker Georgia Bulldogs 1,926
1983 Mike Rozier Nebraska Cornhuskers 1,801
1984 Doug Flutie Boston College Eagles 2,240
1985 Bo Jackson Auburn Tigers 1,509
1986 Vinny Testaverde Miami Hurricanes 2,213
1987 Tim Brown Notre Dame Fighting Irish 1,442
1988 Barry Sanders Oklahoma State Cowboys 1,878
1989 Andre Ware Houston Cougars 1,073
1990 Ty Detmer BYU Cougars 1,482
1991 Desmond Howard Michigan Wolverines 2,077
1992 Gino Toretta Miami Hurricanes 1,400
1993 Charlie Ward Florida State Seminoles 1,743
1994 Rashaan Salaam Colorado Buffaloes 1,743
1995 Eddie George Ohio State Buckeyes 1,460
1996 Danny Wuerffel Florida Gators 1,363
1997 Charles Woodson Michigan Wolverines 1,815
1998 Ricky Williams Texas Longhorns 2,355
1999 Ron Dayne Wisconsin Badgers 2,042
2000 Chris Weinke Florida State Seminoles 1,628
2001 Eric Crouch Nebraska Cornhuskers 770
2002 Carson Palmer USC Trojans 1,328
2003 Jason White Oklahoma Sooners 1,481
2004 Matt Leinart USC Trojans 1,325
2005* Reggie Bush USC Trojans 2,541 (This trophy was vacated)
2006 Troy Smith Ohio State Buckeyes 2,540
2007 Tim Tebow Florida Gators 1,957
2008 Sam Bradford Oklahoma Sooners 1,726
2009 Mark Ingram, Jr. Alabama Crimson Tide 1,304
2010 Cam Newton Auburn Tigers 2,263
2011 Robert Griffin III Baylor Bears 1,687
2012 Johnny Manziel Texas A&M Aggies 2,029
2013 Jameis Winston Florida State Seminoles 2,205
2014 Marcus Mariota Oregon Ducks 2,534
2015 Derrick Henry Alabama Crimson Tide 1,832
2016 Lamar Jackson Louisville Cardinals
2017 Baker Mayfield Oklahoma Sooners
2018 Kyler Murray Oklahoma Sooners
2019 Joe Burrow Louisiana State Tigers
2020 Devonta Smith Alabama Crimson Tide