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Art Shell
250px
Former Raiders Offensive Tackle and Head Coach Art Shell in 2011
Personal Information
Position(s)
Tackle / Head Coach
Jersey #(s)
78
Born: November 26 1946 (1946-11-26) (age 73)
Charleston, South Carolina, in
Died: , in
Career information
Year(s) 19681982
AFL Draft 1968 / Round: 3 / Pick: 80
NFL Supplemental Draft / Pick:
College Maryland Eastern Shore
Professional teams
Career stats
Games played 207
Games started 155
Coaching Record 56-52
Stats at NFL.com
Coaching stats at pro-football-reference.com
Career highlights and awards


Arthur "Art" Shell (born November 26, 1946) is an American former collegiate and professional Football player in the American Football League and later in the NFL, a Hall of Fame offensive tackle, and a two-time former head coach of the Oakland Raiders. He holds the distinction of becoming the second-ever African American head coach (after Fritz Pollard) in the history of Professional Football, and the first in the sport's modern era.

Playing career Edit

Shell was drafted by the American Football League's Oakland Raiders from Maryland State College. Playing offensive tackle, Shell participated in 24 playoff contests, including Super Bowls XI and XV, and was named to eight Pro Bowls.

360px-Art Shell Raiders

Shell as L.A. Raiders head coach

Shell was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1989. In 1999, he was ranked number 55 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players.

Coaching career Edit

Los Angeles Raiders Edit

Through Al Davis, Shell is a member of the Sid Gillman coaching tree. As coach of the Raiders (at the time located in Los Angeles), Shell compiled a record of 54 wins, 38 losses, and was named AFC Coach of the Year in 1990, when the Raiders won the AFC West division with a 12-4 record, and advanced to the AFC championship game in the playoffs. Al Davis, owner of the Raiders, fired Shell after a 9-7 season in 1994, a move Davis later said he regretted.

After the Raiders Edit

After leaving the Raiders, Shell went on to coaching positions with the Kansas City Chiefs and Atlanta Falcons, before serving as a senior vice president for the NFL, in charge of football operations.

2006 return to Raiders Edit

Shell was officially re-hired by the Raiders as head coach on February 11, 2006. After leading the team to its worst record (2 wins, 14 losses) since 1963, Shell resigned from his post as Head Coach of the Raiders on January 4, 2007. Although the Raiders' defense was one of the best in the league, its anemic offense, along with a season long feud with wide receiver Jerry Porter led to the team's downfall.

Head coaching record Edit

Team Year Regular Season Post Season
WonLostTiesWin %Finish Won Lost Win % Result
LA1989 750.5833rd in AFC west - - - -
LA1990 1240.7501st in AFC west 1 1 .500 Lost to Buffalo Bills in AFC Championship Game.
LA1991 970.5633rd in AFC west 0 1 .000 Lost to Kansas City Chiefs in AFC Wild-Card Game.
LA1992 790.4384th in AFC west - - - -
LA1993 1060.6252nd in AFC west 1 1 .500 Lost to Buffalo Bills in AFC Divisional Game.
LA1994 970.5633rd in AFC west - - - -
OAK2006 2140.1254th in AFC west - - - -
Raiders' Total56520.518 2 3 .400
Total[1]56520.518 2 3 .400

Personal Edit

Shell is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

Shell attended Bonds-Wilson High School in North Charleston, SC. The school is no longer in existence.

Shell is an alumnus of Maryland State College, now known as The University of Maryland Eastern Shore, located in Princess Anne, MD. He hosts an annual celebrity golf tournament

See also Edit

References Edit

External links Edit

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