Former Raiders Offensive Tackle and Head Coach Art Shell in 2011
November 26 1946|
Charleston, South Carolina, in
|AFL Draft||1968 / Round: 3 / Pick: 80|
|NFL Supplemental Draft||/ Pick:|
|College||Maryland Eastern Shore|
|Stats at NFL.com|
|Coaching stats at pro-football-reference.com|
|Career highlights and awards|
Arthur "Art" Shell (born November 26, 1946) is an American former collegiate and professional Football player in the American Football League and later in the NFL, a Hall of Fame offensive tackle, and a two-time former head coach of the Oakland Raiders. He holds the distinction of becoming the second-ever African American head coach (after Fritz Pollard) in the history of Professional Football, and the first in the sport's modern era.
Playing career Edit
Shell was drafted by the American Football League's Oakland Raiders from Maryland State College. Playing offensive tackle, Shell participated in 24 playoff contests, including Super Bowls XI and XV, and was named to eight Pro Bowls.
Shell was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1989. In 1999, he was ranked number 55 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players.
Coaching career Edit
Los Angeles Raiders Edit
Through Al Davis, Shell is a member of the Sid Gillman coaching tree. As coach of the Raiders (at the time located in Los Angeles), Shell compiled a record of 54 wins, 38 losses, and was named AFC Coach of the Year in 1990, when the Raiders won the AFC West division with a 12-4 record, and advanced to the AFC championship game in the playoffs. Al Davis, owner of the Raiders, fired Shell after a 9-7 season in 1994, a move Davis later said he regretted.
After the Raiders Edit
After leaving the Raiders, Shell went on to coaching positions with the Kansas City Chiefs and Atlanta Falcons, before serving as a senior vice president for the NFL, in charge of football operations.
2006 return to Raiders Edit
Shell was officially re-hired by the Raiders as head coach on February 11, 2006. After leading the team to its worst record (2 wins, 14 losses) since 1963, Shell resigned from his post as Head Coach of the Raiders on January 4, 2007. Although the Raiders' defense was one of the best in the league, its anemic offense, along with a season long feud with wide receiver Jerry Porter led to the team's downfall.
Head coaching record Edit
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|LA||1989||7||5||0||.583||3rd in AFC west||-||-||-||-|
|LA||1990||12||4||0||.750||1st in AFC west||1||1||.500||Lost to Buffalo Bills in AFC Championship Game.|
|LA||1991||9||7||0||.563||3rd in AFC west||0||1||.000||Lost to Kansas City Chiefs in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|LA||1992||7||9||0||.438||4th in AFC west||-||-||-||-|
|LA||1993||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC west||1||1||.500||Lost to Buffalo Bills in AFC Divisional Game.|
|LA||1994||9||7||0||.563||3rd in AFC west||-||-||-||-|
|OAK||2006||2||14||0||.125||4th in AFC west||-||-||-||-|
Shell is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.
Shell attended Bonds-Wilson High School in North Charleston, SC. The school is no longer in existence.
Shell is an alumnus of Maryland State College, now known as The University of Maryland Eastern Shore, located in Princess Anne, MD. He hosts an annual celebrity golf tournament